Skip to content

Create a backend

As we said, a backend is the combination of a transport and a strategy. That way, you can create a complete strategy exactly fitting your needs.

For this, you have to use the AuthenticationBackend class.

from fastapi_users.authentication import AuthenticationBackend, BearerTransport, JWTStrategy


bearer_transport = BearerTransport(tokenUrl="auth/jwt/login")

def get_jwt_strategy() -> JWTStrategy:
    return JWTStrategy(secret=SECRET, lifetime_seconds=3600)

auth_backend = AuthenticationBackend(

As you can see, instantiation is quite simple. It accepts the following arguments:

  • name (str): Name of the backend. Each backend should have a unique name.
  • transport (Transport): An instance of a Transport class.
  • get_strategy (Callable[..., Strategy]): A dependency callable returning an instance of a Strategy class.

Next steps

You can have as many authentication backends as you wish. You'll then have to pass those backends to your FastAPIUsers instance and generate an auth router for each one of them.